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Verbal Recognition Memory (VRM)

Verbal Recognition Memory assesses verbal memory and new learning. It measures the ability to encode and subsequently retrieve verbal information, with recall tapping into fronto-temporal networks and recognition assessing hippocampal areas.

Administration time

6 minutes (including immediate and delayed recall)

Task format

The participant is shown a sequence of words on screen one by one. The participant is then tasked with recalling the words, whilst a rater marks which ones they remembered. In the next phase, the participant is presented with two words, one from the original list and one distractor and is asked to choose which one they have seen before, in a 2-force choice paradigm. The latter recognition phase is then repeated after a delay.

Outcome measures

Outcome measures include the number of distinct words for the free-recall phase and number of correct and incorrect responses for the immediate and delayed recognition parts of the test.

Normative data

Please contact us to discuss your normative data requirements. Please note, we do not recommend using normative data in place of a control group. 

When to use this test

We would recommend using this test to assess cognitive function in: